Well Water Analyses for Gas Well Drilling Package

Derived from Penn State Cooperative Extension Water Facts Sheet #28.

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Water Quality Parameter Gas Well Brine Drinking Water Standard Description
Alkalinity (mg/L)
N/A No standard Measure of the ability of water to neutralize acids. Commonly, high alkalinity corresponds to hard water.
Arsenic (mg/L)
2.10 Less than 0.01 May cause cancer and other serious health effects. Causes no obvious tastes, odors or stains in water.
Bacteria (MPN)
N/A Negative Result May cause gastrointestinal problems and other water-borne diseases. Causes no obvious tastes, odors, or stains in water.
Barium (mg/L)
1,170 Less than 2.0 May cause hypertension and other serious health affects. Has no obvious tastes, odors, or stains in water.
Chloride (mg/L)
138,00 Less than 250 Can cause a salty taste to the water along with corrosion and blackening of metals.
Methane & Ethane (mg/L)
N/A N/A Flammable at high concentrations, in a confined space could result in an explosion.
Foaming Agents (mg/L)
N/A Less than 0.5 Surfactant level (detergents or foaming agents)
Hardness (mg/L)
N/A 17 – 60 is slightly hard
60 – 120 is moderately hard
120 – 180 is hard
180+ is very hard
Refers to calcium carbonate content in water. May reduce soap lathering or make laundry difficult to clean. May ruin hot water heater elements.
Iron (mg/L)
130 Less than 0.30 May cause orange or brown stains and metallic-tasting water.
pH (SU)
5.51 6.5 to 8.5 Low pH water may cause corrosion of metal plumbing resulting in poor tasting water and high levels of metals.
Sodium (mg/L)
64,500 No standard High concentrations may be problematic for individuals on low sodium diets.
Strontium (mg/L)
1,170 No standard Similar effects as Barium. Causes no obvious taste, odors, or stains in water.
Sulfate (mg/L)
N/A Less than 250 Common and naturally occurring. Excessive amounts can cause laxative effect. Bitter taste if in excess amounts.
Sulfide (mg/L)
N/A No standard Cause a strong rotten egg smell usually caused by Sulfate reducing bacteria which can appear as black staining.
Total Dissolved Solids (mg/L)
229,000 Less than 500 Measures all of the dissolved materials in water.
Turbidity (NTU)
N/A Less than 1.0 Causes cloudy water as a result of sediment.

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